I stumbled across an interesting article online that was based on Latino migration to the U.S. I thought this was interesting because previously, we have learned in class about the factors minorities face based on where they live and what ethnic group they are, and the likelihood of being “treated” based on their ethnicity. There was a conducted research on Latinos who have lived in the U.S. for a certain period of time. Minority populations, such as the subgroups within the populations, face distinct challenges and risk factors when it comes to health.
Researchers at the University of North Carolina, had found that the longer these immigrants have lived in the U.S. the worse their health gets. As researcher Leslie Cofie had reported,
Latinos who migrated to the U.S. more than 20 years ago were twice as likely to be obese as those who had lived here for less than 10 years.
These Latino immigrants had also higher chances of developing hypertensions as well as diabetes, equally, as those who have lived in the U.S. for less than 10 years. These researchers had found that most of these health problems are due to the lifestyle and adaptations of the U.S. culture which are formed by the behavior changes that involve “diet, exercise, and types of jobs.” For instance, Cofie mentions that,
Minority immigrants may arrive with the thought that they will have health advantages after they move to the U.S., his research, instead, shows there may be a steady decline of those advantages over the years.
His studies were conducted on Latino immigrants who came to the U.S. and Latino Americans born in the United States. Other research has shown that Latinos carry a genetic component and causes genetic mutations which puts Latino/Hispanics at risks to these health problems. Problems which also effects Latinos are
Exposure to air pollution can aggravate preexisting health problems – especially respiratory problems like asthma. For millions of uninsured Latinos, this can lead to additional emergency room visits in the absence of primary care.
Now, others might think why is it only Latinos that are always under study? This might also raise questions, such as: What is the percentage that other races could face obesity or health related problems in the U.S, besides Latinos/Hispanics?
For more information, http://www.chicagotribune.com/health/la-chronic-health-problems-plague-immigrants-decades-after-move-20111031,0,4673071.story .
Another article which is also interesting to read about: http://www.nrdc.org/media/2011/110920.asp